Topic: Poverty and Crime
The purpose is to write an 8-to-10-page research paper on the theme of poverty. You are required to choose an aspect of poverty that is of special interest to you.
These are 20 aspects of poverty that you are free to choose from:
Poverty and Crime
Poverty and Crime Connection
Poverty, Mental Health, and Crime
Poverty and Adolescents
Poverty and Children
Crime and the Causes of Poverty
Poverty and World Population Growth
Poverty, Hunger and Law Enforcement
Poverty and Education
Poverty and Inequality
Racial Aspects of Poverty
Crime, Poverty, and Race (Racism)
Gender Issues and Poverty
Poverty and Violence
Poverty and Gender Based Issues (Problems)
Poverty and Gender Inequality
Homelessness and Crime
Gender Identity and Poverty
Young Offenders and Poverty
Due date: Monday December 20, 2021 (by midnight)
Font: Size 12 Times New Roman (or Calibri-body)
Documentation style: MLA (8th)
This research paper must be based on a clearly defined aspect of poverty.
Your points must be clear-cut and coherent throughout the paper.
All your points must be critically made and documented accurately.
Look over your paper thoroughly for errors in logic and grammar.
A. To begin writing the paper:
– make sure that you understand the definition of poverty, its ramifications and victims.
B. Make a layout of the segment of poverty you may want to explore. What are the issues involved and how are the victims experiencing and coping with poverty?
C. Research each point for relevant support from online journal articles.
D. Craft a rough thesis statement (rough because it may change mildly or drastically later on).
E. Draft an introduction that should contain your thesis statement. The thesis should be the most original portion of your paper. It should express exactly what aspect you want to delve into about poverty.
F. Next, rough out an outline of some sort. Each segment of the outline should contain your own statement of the point you are making, along with the relevant quotes from your secondary research sources. (e.g. online journal articles, videos, newspaper and other sources)
-short background notes on the aspect of poverty your paper is based on
-begin with a definition of poverty and how it relates to the aspect your paper is based on
-use general facts to begin,
-use statistics, charts, and graphs
-Claim # 1 (consisting of your claim, backed up by historical facts, statistical details, and their analysis, coupled with quotes from the secondary research sources).
-repeat this structure in Claim# 1 for all subsequent claims.
-conclusion should be summary of the entire paper with all your points restated in brief and using other words. (Refer to your notes from class – from the previous assignments)
H. Works cited page. This is the list containing all the secondary research sources you have consulted and used in your research paper.
-alphabetize entries in this list.
-consult your notes (and handouts) from class on how to cite sources in the MLA (8th) style.
-at least 18 sources are required in your “Works Cited” page.
Title: When you have finished writing your research paper, read it over several times to correct errors. Give the paper a title that reflects the aspect of poverty that you have focused your paper on.
Examples: Works Cited (example)
Addison, Joseph, and Richard Steele. The Spectator. Ed. Donald Bond. 5 vols.
Oxford: Clarendon, 1965.
Bhabha, Homi. “Articulating the Archaic: Notes on Colonial Nonsense.” Literary
Theory Today. Ed. Peter Collier and Helga Geyer-Ryan. Ithaca: Cornell UP,
1. Use quotations selectively to support or illustrate your statements. They clarify your
acceptance or rejection of another critic’s point of view. Be aware of the fact that over quotation
may distort the clarity and coherence of your own argument.
2. Incorporate your quotations into the text and the argument, i.e. always formulate an
interpretation of the quotations you have selected.
3. Unless you choose to paraphrase them, quotations should not be tampered with.
4. Each quotation should retain the precise words, phrases, orthography, and interior
punctuation of the source. All additions to the quoted text should appear in square
brackets. Example: “Milton’s Satan speaks of his study [pursuit] of revenge.”
Alterations of the original must be pointed out. This includes the indication of
modernized spelling in a footnote. Mark ellipses by three spaced periods in the middle
of a sentence [. . .] and four at the end.
5. All quotes should be clearly indicated as such. Observe the following conventions:
· If they are short, quotations appear in the body of the text with double quotation marks
and are usually preceded by a comma or a colon.
6. Provide parenthetical documentation both for all of your citations as well as for all of
your paraphrases. Statements made in the research paper must be verifiable: Document
all important and essential statements developed from other sources with parenthetical
references. The parenthetical references must clearly point to a specific work from your
works cited list. The reference should follow the information you have taken
immediately. Keep overall readability in mind, i.e. try to keep both the number and the
length of parenthetical references limited – but be accurate at all times!
The format of the parenthetical documentation is (Last name and page number):
Medieval Europe was a place both of “raids, pillages, slavery and extortion” and of
“traveling merchants, monetary exchange, towns if not cities, and active markets in
grain” (Townsend 10).
Notice that the full stop comes after the reference if you are not quoting a full sentence.
The parenthetical reference corresponds to the following works cited entry:
Townsend, Robert M. The Medieval Village Economy. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1993.
If you are using more than one work by the same author, include the first word of the
respective title in your reference, i.e. (Hutcheon Politics 12) and (Hutcheon Poetics 35)
correspond to the following works cited entries:
Hutcheon, Linda. A Poetics of Postmodernism: History, Theory, Fiction. London and New York:
Routledge, 1988. The Politics of Postmodernism. London and New
Topic: Poverty and Crime