This week’s assigned readings are centered on the issue of an organizations for-profit or nonprofit status. For your initial post in this week’s discussion, compare and contrast for-profit and nonprofit organizations in terms of their financial and economic policies. How do the tax regulations differ between both types of organizations? Do you think this tax distinction is fair?
How different are for-profit and nonprofit hospitals?
Literature review exploring Green Sukuk financing in Indonesia, Malaysia, UAE and the prospect of the United Kingdom’s government to issue its first Soverign Green Sukuk issuance.
Sukuk is the Islamic finance alternative to the conventional Government/corporate Bond issuance in the capital markets. Sukuk financing and structuring are predicated upon asset-based financing as opposed to interest Based financing of a conventional government/ cooperate bonds.
I need someone to be familiar with the global Sukuk industry with a specific emphasis on Green Sukuk issuance. This will be part of my research proposal and I require someone to do a thorough literature review on existing literature available on the subject of the Green Sukuk industry as a whole; then discuss Green Sukuk activities in Malaysia, Indonesia, and UAE – all three of these countries are issuing Green Sukuk in their billions. Finally, The prospect of green Sukuk issuance by the U.K. government needs to be discussed.
The U.K. has already issued its first standard Sukuk issuance back in 2014 and then in 2021 – however, this isn’t a typical Green Sukuk issuance to help raise money towards investing in to greener infrastructure development and regeneration for the purpose of promoting environmental sustainability and maintaining biodiversity and subsequent move away from fossil fuel dependency etc. notwithstanding, the U.K. did, however, issue it’s first Green bond this year 2021, however, this Green Bond is not Islamic (Green Sukuk) – thus the gap in literature here. Hence, the literature review will Segway on to this novel concept of the prospect of issuing the first-ever Green Sukuk offered by the British government to the Muslim community and Muslim institutions to invest in.
I will upload a word document detailing the overall structure of the literature review along with some links to articles and journals. You are more than welcome to use your own references from Books, articles, and journals.
1/ Short-term (1-2 years): The concept and practice of European participation in global economic governance
2/ Mid-term (3-5 years): Globalization, National Patterns of Development and Strategies of Firms (XIXth-XXIst Century) in Europe
3/ Long-term (5-10 years): Comprehensive interdisciplinary research—Global Economic Governance Reform
Economists observe the more pleasure a product provides, the higher the price we’re willing to pay for it.
Total vs. Marginal Utility
Definition: Utility – The pleasure or satisfaction obtained from a good or service.
There is an important distinction between total utility and marginal utility:
Definition: Total Utility – The amount of satisfaction obtained from entire consumption of a product.
Definition: Marginal Utility – The change in total utility obtained by consuming one additional (marginal) unit of a good or service.
Question to be Answered: Given the definitions above, what is contributing to the great numbers of people who chose not go back to working their previous job after the quarantine?
Many people have criticized the U.S. blood supply system as being “too commercial” and prefer a more altruistic method of collecting and distributing blood for transfusions. The issue is whether donated blood contains viruses that might cause disease (such as hepatitis or AIDS) to the recipient. Reuben Kessel, an economist from Chicago, argued to the contrary that the problem with the blood supply is that it is not sufficiently commercial. How might more commercialization improve the safety of the blood supply in the U.S.? Are there risks to taking this type of approach to blood supply safety?