The main source of information for this paper should be from the source below: M

The main source of information for this paper should be from the source below:
Michel Austin, ed., The Hellenistic World from Alexander to the Roman Conquest: A Selection of Ancient Sources In Translation.
– Alexander the Great(1-25)
– Creating royal legitimacy(26-59)
– Economy, commerce, demography(101-35)
– Community,religion, and culture(136-57)
– Greece,macedon, and the Aegean(33, 60-76, 78-79, 87-88)
– Greece,macedon, and the Aegean2 (33, 60-76, 78-79, 87-88)
– Early Ptolemaic Empire(254-84)
– Ptolemaic empire: ethnicity,religion,economy, and culture(285-326)
– Seleucid and Bactrian empires(51, 57-58,158-79)
– Ethnicity, religion, economy, and culture (180-207)
– Antiochus IV, Maccabean Revolt, and Fragmentation(208-23)
– Attalids, Bithynians, and Pontus(224-54)
I attached pdf files of the neccassary readings below. You dont need to read all of them. just skim the ones which you think are neccassery for the topic that was chosen. use quotes if possible. theres a pdf file of the template and detailed directions for the paper uploaded aswell. also a copy of the draft is uploaded. the length of the draft was 4-5 pages and cited in chicago style. so the final version should be 8-10 pages. If you have any questions, let me know. I am also willing to pay extra if you think its neccassary. I also need to used primary sources.
This is the feed back of the draft aswell as what needs to be fixed.
Your second sentence is confusing – “The latter” what? You’ve only mentioned Alexander. Your introduction in general is superficial and oddly worded, and most of the information can (and should) be condensed into a few concise statements. As it is right now, it looks like you’re just spouting facts to fill space. Watch your grammar and wording, some words are combined with hyphens that should not be (“time-fighting”), and much of your wording is clunky or confusing:
The kingdom of Macedon was not just “famously referred to” as such, it simply was Macedon. Likewise, Alexander’s empire should be referred to as such: an empire, not a kingdom. “During this particular period, the Hellenistic empire grew into three-hold politically, economically, and culturally.” This sentence makes no sense. What do you mean by “three-hold?” “Given that Alexander had died without living an empire” Do you mean to say here that he died without securing an heir for his empire? You don’t talk much about the Roman invasion at this stage, I hope you will elaborate on their part in the final version, since your thesis is so concerned with Rome as the ultimate downfall of the Hellenistic empires.
Your citations themselves look good, but you haven’t dealt with any primary sources – you need 2 secondary sources (which you have, but haven’t deeply discussed) and 5 primary sources for the final version. We really want you to grapple with the primary source material to help solidify your arguments.
Grade: C

TASK QUESTION: What seems to you the most important part of the cultures that we

TASK QUESTION: What seems to you the most important part of the cultures that we have covered? (My topic is religion)
-In your response, think of how that important thing may be a combination of more levels of that society. Also, you should use at least 3 different cultures and, by comparing them, you can draw different conclusions about each or all of them together.
-Remember that religion has always been interconnected with the political leadership of the city/state as well as with the economic side, as we have seen in the appearance of the cuneiform tablet writing, for example, to record goods and taxes.
-NEED TO BE WRITTEN AS A DIARY ENTRY
-EACH PAGE IS A DIFFERENT “DAY” WITH A DIFFERENT SOURCE (you write 3 entries for 3 days in a dialogue with yourself assessing what you have learned so far)
-IN TEXT CITATIONS
Sources (any 3 can be used; no outside sources)
https://www.jstor.org/stable/40026077
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7s002?turn_away=true
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3366/j.ctvxcrsn9.4

This assignment will be submitted to Turnitin®. Instructions A Short Paper Assig

This assignment will be submitted to Turnitin®.
Instructions
A Short Paper Assignment allows you to demonstrate your research skills to your instructor and to receive feedback that will benefit you when you write research papers for future courses. With this assignment, you will learn how to do proper research and write a short paper.
Your topic must be the the same topic approved by your instructor in Week 3.
This short paper is at least three double-spaced pages of text (Times New Roman, font size 12) and you must consult a minimum of two academically credible sources. Your bibliography and citations may be in APA, MLA, or Chicago Style format. Students majoring in history must use Chicago Style format.
The short paper needs to be turned in through the assignment section for grading. If you use any of the information from your sources word-for-word, you must cite the source by using endnotes, footnotes, or parenthetical citations. If you read the information and write it in your own words and it is not common knowledge, then you must cite the source because you are paraphrasing someone’s information.
The short paper must include a cover page with your name, course number and course title, instructor’s name, and date. You must also include a bibliography at the end of your paper. While composing your paper, use proper English. Do not use abbreviations, contractions, passive voice, or first/ second person (I, you, we, our, etc). Before submitting your paper, check your grammar and use spell check. Remember, the way you talk is not the way you write a paper.
I HAVE ATTACHED THE GRADING RUBRIC AND THE ASSIGNMENT OUTLINE APPROVED BY THE PROFESSOR TO BETTER UNDERSTAND THE TOPIC. FEEL FREE TO MIX IT UP, BUT STAY ON TOPIC.

Resources 1. Textbook: Chapter 32 https://openstax.org/books/us-history/pages/3

Resources
1. Textbook: Chapter 32
https://openstax.org/books/us-history/pages/32-introduction
2.Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)
Consider a few terrorist activities since the 1980s until today. Here is a starting point:
1983: United States Embassy in Beirut and Kuwait is bombed
1988: Osama bin Laden re-organizes Al Qaeda in Pakistan to carry out attacks
1993: World Trade Center Bombing (first time)
1995: Oklahoma City Bombing
1998: United Stated Embassy bombings Nairobi and Sar Es Salaam
2001: 9/11 Bombing of the World Trade Centers
2001: Bio Terrorism begins (anthrax letters and Bill Gates’s warnings on bio terrorism)
2013: Boston Marathon Bombings
2018: Pittsburgh Synagogue Shooting
Then, address three (3) of the following and craft a response, as a whole, for your selections:
Explain if you think that global terrorism can be stopped.
Analyze the responsibility of the United States today to be the world’s “policeman.”
Assess if peace and stability in the Middle East are vital to U.S. economy and national security.
If the United States withdrew its troops from the Middle East tomorrow, would the terrorist threat end. Why or why not?
Assess if the use of military force is the only way to prevent terrorism. Are there other possible alternatives? Which strategy is best and why?

To the Women of the New Left” 8.3 Phyllis Schlafly “Power of the Positive Woman”

To the Women of the New Left” 8.3
Phyllis Schlafly “Power of the Positive Woman” 11.3
Analyze each manifesto. Then compare them? How do the concerns each have for what is in women’s best interest differ? Which demographic was likely to find feminism attractive in the 1970s/who would find anti-feminism compelling? Is there any common ground between the feminists of the New Left and Schlafly, founder of STOP ERA?

“First, briefly list and explain the key functions of parties as those functions

“First, briefly list and explain the key functions of parties as those functions developed since the original formation of parties. Or in other words, what do parties do? When did the parties adopt these functions? How have their functions developed? How have parties have been useful to politicians over time? Please note, I am not asking you to tell me the history of the specific parties that have existed, so please do not give me that history, and please do not just guess. Show that you have used the textbook to answer this question.
Next, explain why the functions of the parties require campaign financing. Again, show that you have used the textbook.” Cite texts by page number. The texts are attached.

Important info: For the essays you should try and write 5 pages, double-spaced e

Important info:
For the essays you should try and write 5 pages, double-spaced essay each. If you need to write more, that’s fine, but an answer that is too short will usually not receive a good grade.
When writing the essay itself start with an introductory paragraph that explains the general themes and/or your theme for the essay. For example let us say you have an essay question: “Why are the ancient Romans important?”
First you need to introduce the overall point you want to make. “The Romans are important because they left legacies that include physical objects and intangible things which lasts to this day.” Or it could be “The ancient Romans are important because their history is a cautionary tale of how Republics are lost and Empires collapse.” First you need to explain what you plan to do in the rest of the essay.
Then write the body of the essay (divided into paragraphs) that explain with concrete details the points you want to make (as explained in the introductory paragraph). For example, if you go with the legacy answer, you should NOT just say “The Romans left important legacies such as their infrastructure and Roman language. Their infrastructure included things like aqueducts. Their language Latin has become Italian.” You need to write something like:
“Roman legacies in infrastructure include things such as aqueducts, sewers, and roads. The aqueducts brought clean water from distant locations into city centers so that ordinary citizens did not have to worry about contaminated water. The sewers, the most famous is the Cloaca Maxima “the great sewer,” also made sure that effluent was flushed out of the city to keep the city clean and healthy. The roads, such as the Via Appia and the Via Flaminia, were paved with the center slightly raised so that rain and mud would not hinder travel and these roads had milestones on them to mark the distance from Rome. They were often built in as straight a line as possible with bridges where necessary. These roads strategically connected Rome to all corners of the empire such that people came to say ‘all roads lead to Rome.’ While these infrastructure were lost after the fall of the Roman Empire, a steady supply of clean water, a sewer system, and a road network came to be considered the minimum necessary infrastructure for modern ‘civilized’ life.”
Then you need another paragraph that discusses another physical legacy. Maybe the architecture such as the coliseum, the circus maximum, the Pantheon, or the Roman bath.
Then you write a paragraph on an intangible legacy. Maybe the Roman Republic’s political system of mixing Monarchy, Aristocracy, Democracy.
Then you write another paragraph on a different intangible legacy. If you want to say language, explain that from Latin you got the Latin Alphabet which we use in the West. And that from Latin came Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian.
Finally finish with a concluding paragraph that summarizes your points. “Roman legacies include tangible and intangible things such as infrastructure, architecture, political system, and language. These four have left lasting impressions on later generations, and some of them are still in use today. This is why the ancient Romans are important.”
Concrete details that support your overall thesis/big picture/big point is what you need to do when you write history essays. One detail is usually not enough for a history essay, and the more details you have, the more persuasive your essay is going to be.
TEST:
Answer 2 of the following:
1) Describe the long distance trade that existed in the 15th century between Asia, Europe, and Africa and how that linked to the Atlantic Triangle Trade. Also describe the Atlantic Triangle Trade.
2) Discuss how trade impacted Africa and Southeast Asia. Pick 1 from the following in Africa (Ethiopia, Kongo) and pick 1 more from the following in Southeast Asia (Ayutthaya Thailand, Indonesia/Dutch East India Company).
3) Compare and contrast Mughal rule with Qing rule. Explain with details.
4) Explain the policies of the Ottoman Empire in its expansion phase and its stable phase.
5) Explain the Tokugawa system, how did it manage to maintain peace for over 220 years?



Read the following article by David Treuer in The Atlantic magazine, May 2021.

Read the following article by David Treuer in The Atlantic magazine, May 2021. I have provided a pdf of the article and a link to the online version, which includes a way to listen to the article. It’s a long piece that offers a history of Indian peoples and nations in the century plus following the removal of Southeastern Indian nations from across the Mississippi River in the 1830s, and offers reflections on how that history of dispossession and cultural destruction might be remedied. His central argument is that national parks, like Yosemite and Yellowstone, should be placed in the care of the peoples who lived there before the arrival of Americans. It’s a powerful, factual and thoughtful accounting, with the goal of getting us to reflect on the history of the American government and Indian nations struggle, and a reminder that nations like the Lakota, Apache and Modoc and so many others, are still here and still struggling to have their voices heard.
https://modesto.instructure.com/courses/37280/files/6160534?wrap=1
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2021/05/return-the-national-parks-to-the-tribes/618395/
Then, write an essay of no more than approximately 800-1000 words that reflects on the history that you learned and the proposal Treuer makes. Use the following guidelines for crafting your essay:
The essay must first explain, using at least three quotes from the article, what Treuer’s central argument is about why national parks should be returned to Indian nations.
Then, in the remaining sections of your essay, reflect on the article, the history you read and the argument Treuer makes. Your reflection needs to refer to the article and events, ideas, etc in the article itself. Good reflective work like this finds it’s basis in the reading, then extends beyond that factual framework into your own ideas.

“What is the relation between public opinion and interest groups? Please note th

“What is the relation between public opinion and interest groups? Please note that although the textbook does not tell you the answer directly, you can and must use both chapters to form your answer. Demonstrate in your answer that you have engaged with the textbook. Use evidence presented there to support your answer. Cite text by page numbers.
The texts are attached.